When Discussing Neurofeedback, Does Modality Matter?

Genomary Krigbaum, Nancy L. Wigton


Over the years, several new models and variations of neurofeedback (NF) have been developed. As such, NF has grown from traditional amplitude based modalities to now include slow cortical potential NF, as well as various approaches grounded in QEEG technology, including z-score NF models. These differing modalities have important implications in terms of outcomes, the number of sessions required, and treatment specificity. This, in turn, impacts clinical practice, research, and marketing considerations. In an effort to gain some perspective for where the field is today, a comparative review is presented to illustrate the importance of noting what particular modality is being referenced when discussing NF.


neurofeedback; traditional NF; slow cortical potential NF; QEEG-guided NF; z-score NF

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15540/nr.1.1.48


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