EEG Neurofeedback in the Treatment of Chronic Pain: A Case Series

Edward H. Jacobs, Mark P. Jensen


Neurofeedback has been used to treat a variety of problems and symptoms related to central nervous system dysregulation, including chronic pain conditions.  However, there is limited published work describing the application and efficacy of neurofeedback for chronic pain.  This case series describes the outcomes of neurofeedback treatment of four patients with diverse diagnoses and pain symptoms.  Although there was variability in patient response, all patients reported improvements in pain and other symptoms with treatment.  The findings indicate that more research to (1) clarify the benefits of neurofeedback for different conditions and (2) identify the most effective protocols for individual patients is warranted.


neurofeedback; chronic pain; migraine; gastrointestinal pain; testicular pain

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