QEEG Guided Neurofeedback Treatment for Anxiety Symptoms

Mark Jones, Heather Hitsman

Abstract


Anxiety represents one of the most commonly diagnosed mental illnesses among adults in the United States, affecting an estimated 19.1% of the adult population annually, with a lifetime occurrence of 31.1% (NIMH, 2017). This retrospective study intended to assess whether qEEG guided amplitude neurofeedback (NF) is a viable treatment for anxiety symptom reduction. 40 participants were assessed for anxiety using symptom and EEG measures.  Demographics include age ranges from 19-62 (M = 37.7, SD =13.87). Gender identification comprised 21 male and 19 female. 15 clients self-identified as White (Non-Latino) (38%), 14 as Latino/Latina (35%), and 11 did not self-report ethnicity (28%). Pre/post-assessments were given to the participants.  Symptom assessments included the Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale and Achenbach (ASEBA) Adult Self Report (ASR). A qEEG was used to determine protocols for each participant.  Participants were scheduled to receive 30-minute NF treatment sessions twice a week for one academic semester.  The range of attended sessions was 7-19 (M = 12.72, SD = 2.78). Accurate number of session data was unavailable for 4 of the subjects. Symptom measures showed statistically significant improvement.  Limitations include small sample size and no control group or sham NF group.  Suggestions are included for future studies.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15540/nr.5.3.85

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