A Review of qEEG-Guided Neurofeedback


  • Nancy L Wigton 1) Grand Canyon University, Phoenix; 2) Applied Neurotherapy Center, Scottsdale, AZ
  • Genomary Krigbaum Assistant Professor, Behavioral Science Marian University-College of Osteopathic Medicine Grand Canyon University, College of Doctoral Studies




QEEG-guided NF, neurofeedback, QEEG, EEG biofeedback, QEEG normalization


While there are literature reviews and meta-analytic coverage of neurofeedback (NF) studies that focus on traditional amplitude NF and slow cortical potential NF, the same is not true for quantitative electroencephalographic (qEEG)-guided NF (qNF). To that end, this is a literature review of several qNF research articles. Generally, most are found in clinical settings, address a wide variety of symptoms and diagnoses, use clinical assessments as outcome measures, employ individualized NF protocols based on qEEG findings, and define efficacy in terms of improvement on pre-post outcome measures. However, few report prepost qEEG metrics as outcome measures. Suggestions for future research are presented.

Author Biography

Nancy L Wigton, 1) Grand Canyon University, Phoenix; 2) Applied Neurotherapy Center, Scottsdale, AZ

Nancy Wigton, Ph.D. LPC, BCN, QEEGD has been in the counseling field since 1991 and has been in private practice providing QEEG-based Neurofeedback since 2000.  She holds a Ph.D. in Psychology with an emphasis in Cognition from Grand Canyon University, and a M.A. in Counseling from Northern Arizona University.  Dr. Wigton is a Licensed Professional Counselor, BCIA certified for neurofeedback at the Fellow level, and is also certified as a QEEG Diplomate.  She is also adjunct factulty at Grand Canyon University in Phoenix, Arizona.

Her areas of specialization and research interests include z-score neurofeedback and QEEG analysis.  Since 2008, she has presented at conferences and published on her work with z-score neurofeedback, with a recent emphasis on 19-channel z-score neurofeedback in clinical settings.


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