Proceedings of the 2020 ISNR Annual Conference: Poster Presentations

  • International Society of Neurofeedback and Research (ISNR)
Keywords: Neurofeedback, qEEG, neuroregulation, self-regulation, brain health


Selected Abstracts of Conference Presentations at the 2020 International Society for Neurofeedback and Research (ISNR) 28th Conference, Miami, Florida, USA


---A Way of Treating Very Severe Psychiatric Clients Who Showed Extremely High Amplitude of Theta Waves

Marques, T. R., Ashok, A. H., Pillinger, T., Veronese, M., Turkheimer, F. E., Dazzan, P., … Howes, O. D. (2019). Neuroinflammation in schizophrenia: Meta-analysis of in vivo microglial imaging studies. Psychological Medicine, 49(13), 2186–2196.

Narr, K. L., & Leaver, A. M. (2015). Connectome and schizophrenia. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 28(3), 229–235.

---Affective Virtual Reality Game for Depression Symptoms Detection Using Psychophysiological and Behavioral Measures

Baños, R. M., Botella, C., Alcañiz, M., Liaño, V., Guerrero, B., & Rey, B. (2005). Immersion and emotion: Their impact on the sense of presence. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 7(6), 734–741.

E4 wristband [EDA/GSR sensor, real-time physiological signals]. (n.d.). Boston, MA: Empatica. Retrieved February 10, 2020, from

Freeman, D., Haselton, P., Freeman, J., Spanlang, B., Kishore, S., Albery, E., … Nickless, A. (2018). Automated psychological therapy using immersive virtual reality for treatment of fear of heights: A single-blind, parallel-group, randomised controlled trial. The Lancet Psychiatry, 5(8), 625–632.

Grochowska, A., Jarema, M., & Wichniak, A. (2019). Virtual reality—A valuable tool to advance treatment of mental disorders. Archives of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, 21(1), 65–73.

Li, Y., Elmaghraby, A. S., El-Baz, A., & Sokhadze, E. M. (2015, December). Using physiological signal analysis to design affective VR games. 2015 IEEE International Symposium on Signal Processing and Information Technology (ISSPIT), Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

Sokhadze, E. M., Casanova, M. F., Kelly, D. L., Sokhadze, G. E., Li, Y., Elmaghraby, A. S., & El-Baz, A. S. (2017). Virtual reality with psychophysiological monitoring as an approach to evaluate emotional reactivity, social skills, and join attention in autism spectrum disorder. In M. F. Casanova, A. El-Baz, & J. S. Suri (Eds.), Autism Imaging and Devices (1st ed., Chapter 18). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

Sugiura, M. (2013). A cognitive neuroscience approach to self and mental health. In J. Wu (Ed.), Biomedical Engineering and Cognitive Neuroscience for Healthcare: Interdisciplinary Applications (pp. 1–10). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

---Effect of Audio-Visual Brain Entrainment on Anxiety, General Health, Stress, Quality of Sleep and Work Productivity and Activity Impairment: A Pilot Study with Telemarketers

Chaieb, L., Wilpert, E. C., Reber, T. P., & Fell, J. (2015). Auditory beat stimulation and its effects on cognition and mood states. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 6, 70.

Derner, M., Chaieb, L., Surges, R., Staresina, B. P., & Fell, J. (2018). Modulation of item and source memory by auditory beat stimulation: A pilot study with intracranial EEG. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 12, 500.

Gao, X., Cao, H., Ming, D., Qi, H., Wang, X., Wang, X., … Zhou, P. (2014). Analysis of EEG activity in response to binaural beats with different frequencies. International Journal of Psychophysiology., 94(3), 399–406.

Gao, J., Fan, J., Wu, B. W., Zhang, Z., Chang, C., Hung, Y.-S., … Sik, H. H. (2016). Entrainment of chaotic activities in brain and heart during MBSR mindfulness training. Neuroscience Letters, 616, 218–223.

---Effects of Neurofeedback on Electroencephalographic Functional Connectivity in Children with Specific Learning Disorder with Impairment in Reading

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5). Washington, DC: Author.

Arns, M., Peters, S., Breteler, R., & Verhoeven, L. (2007). Different brain activation patterns in dyslexic children: Evidence from EEG power and coherence patterns for the double-deficit theory of dyslexia. Journal of Integrative Neuroscience, 6(1), 175–190.

Hammond, D. C. (2006). What is neurofeedback? Journal of Neurotherapy, 10(4), 25–36.

Harmony, T., Hinojosa, G., Marosi, E., Becker, J., Rodriguez, M., Reyes, A., & Rocha, C. (1990). Correlation between EEG spectral parameters and an educational evaluation. International Journal of Neuroscience, 54(1–2), 147–155.

Marosi, E., Harmony, T., Becker, J., Reyes, A., Bernal, J., Fernández, T., ... Guerrero, V. (1995). Electroencephalographic coherences discriminate between children with different pedagogical evaluation. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 19(1), 23–32.

Vysata, O., Kukal, J., Prochazka, A., Pazdera, L., Simko, J., & Valis, M. (2014). Age-related changes in EEG coherence. Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska, 48(1), 35–38.

---Evaluating the Effect of Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation on Attention and Sleep in ADHD

Barclay, T. H., & Barclay, R. D. (2014). A clinical trial of cranial electrotherapy stimulation for anxiety and comorbid depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 164, 171–177.

Cortese, S., Adamo, N., Del Giovane, C., Mohr-Jensen, C., Hayes, A. J., Carucci, S., … Cipriani, A. (2018). Comparative efficacy and tolerability of medications for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in children, adolescents, and adults: A systematic review and network meta-analysis. Lancet Psychiatry, 5(9), 727–738.

Díaz-Román, A., Mitchell, R., & Cortese, S. (2018). Sleep in adults with ADHD: Systematic review and meta-analysis of subjective and objective studies. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 89, 61–71.

Faraone, S. V., Po, M. D., Komolova, M., & Cortese, S. (2019). Sleep-associated adverse events during methylphenidate treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A meta-analysis. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 80(3).

Kennerly, R. C. (2006). Changes in quantitative EEG and low-resolution tomography following cranial electrotherapy stimulation (Doctoral dissertation). Denton, TX: University of North Texas Libraries, UNT Digital Library. Retrieved from

Lanius, R. A., Frewen, P. A., Tursich, M., Jetly, R., & McKinnon, M. C. (2015). Restoring large-scale brain networks in PTSD and related disorders: A proposal for neuroscientifically-informed treatment interventions. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 6.

Lee, J., Lee, H., & Park, W. (2019). Effects of cranial electrotherapy stimulation on electrocephalogram. Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research, 10(1), 1687–1694.

Schroeder, M. J., & Barr, R. E. (2001). Quantitative analysis of the electroencephalogram during cranial electrotherapy stimulation. Clinical Neurophysiology, 112(11), 2075–2083.

Sciberras, E., Mulraney, M., Heussler, H., Rinehart, N., Schuster, T., Gold, L., … Hiscock, H. (2017). Does a brief, behavioural intervention, delivered by paediatricians or psychologists improve sleep problems for children with ADHD? Protocol for a cluster-randomised, translational trial. BMJ Open, 7(4), e014158.

Snitselaar, M. A., Smits, M. G., van der Heijden, K. B., & Spijker, J. (2017). Sleep and circadian rhythmicity in adult ADHD and the effect of stimulants: A review of the current literature. Journal of Attention Disorders, 21(1), 14–26.

Southworth, S. (1999). A study of the effects of cranial electrical stimulation on attention and concentration. Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science, 34(1), 43–53.

Wajszilber, D., Santiseban, J. A., & Gruber, R. (2018). Sleep disorders in patients with ADHD: impact and management challenges. Nature and Science of Sleep, 10, 453¬–480.

Wilckens, K. A., Woo, S. G., Kirk, A. R., Erickson, K. I., & Wheeler, M. E. (2014). The role of sleep continuity and total sleep time in executive function across the adult lifespan. Psychology and Aging, 29(3), 658–665.

Yoon, S. Y. R., Jain, U. R., & Shapiro, C. M. (2013). Sleep and daytime function in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Subtype differences. Sleep Medicine, 14(7), 648–655.

---Evoked and Induced Gamma Oscillations as Biomarkers of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Outcomes in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Brown, C. C., Gruber, T., Boucher, J., Rippon, G., & Brock, J. (2005). Gamma abnormalities during perception of illusory figures in autism. Cortex, 41(3), 364–376.

Buzsáki, G., & Wang, X.-J. (2012). Mechanisms of gamma oscillations. Annual Review of Neuroscience, 35, 203–225.

Casanova, M. F., Sokhadze, E., Opris, I., Wang, Y., & Li, X. (2015). Autism spectrum disorders: Linking neuropathological findings to treatment with transcranial magnetic stimulation. Acta Paediatrica, 104(4), 346–355.

Kanizsa, G. (1976). Subjective contours. Scientific American, 234(4), 48–52.

Oberman, L. M., Enticott, P. G., Casanova, M. F., Rotenberg, A., Pascual-Leone, A., McCracken, J. T., & the TMS in ASD Consensus Group. (2016). Transcranial magnetic stimulation in autism spectrum disorder: Challenges, promise, and roadmap for future research. Autism Research, 9(2), 184–203.

Rojas, D. C., & Wilson, L. B. (2014). Gamma-band abnormalities as markers of autism spectrum disorders. Biomarkers in Medicine, 8(3), 353–368.

Sokhadze, E. M., El-Baz, A. S., Sears, L. L., Opris, I., & Casanova, M. F. (2014). rTMS neuromodulation improves electrocortical functional measures of information processing and behavioral responses in autism. Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience, 8, 134.

Uzunova, G., Pallanti, S., & Hollander, E. (2016). Excitatory/inhibitory imbalance in autism spectrum disorders: implications for interventions and therapeutics. The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry, 17(3), 174–186.

---Feasibility Study of Ambulatory Monitoring of Autonomic Activity in Girls With Rett Syndrome

Boban, S., Leonard, H., Wong, K., Wilson, A., & Downs, J. (2018). Sleep disturbances in Rett syndrome: Impact and management including use of sleep hygiene practices. American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A, 176(7), 1569–1577.

Carroll, M. S., Ramirez, J.-M., & Weese-Mayer, D. E. (2020). Diurnal variation in autonomic regulation among patients with genotyped Rett syndrome. Journal of Medical Genetics, 57(11), 786–793.

Killian, J. T., Lane, J. B., Lee, H.-S., Pelham, J. H., Skinner, S. A., Kaufmann, W. E., … Percy, A. K. (2016). Caretaker quality of life in Rett Syndrome: Disorder features and psychological predictors. Pediatric Neurology, 58, 67–74.

Kumar, A., Jaryal, A., Gulati, S., Chakrabarty, B., Singh, A., Deepak, K. K., ... Khajuria, R. (2017). Cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction in children and adolescents with Rett syndrome. Pediatric Neurology, 70, 61–66.

Lane, J. B., Lee, H.-S., Smith, L. W., Cheng, P., Percy, A. K., Glaze, D. G., … Krischer, J. P. (2011). Clinical severity and quality of life in children and adolescents with Rett syndrome. Neurology, 77(20), 1812–1818.

Merbler, A. M., Byiers, B. J., Garcia, J. J., Feyma, T. J., & Symons, F. J. (2018). The feasibility of using actigraphy to characterize sleep in Rett syndrome. Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders, 10(1), 8.

Neul, J. L., Kaufmann, W. E., Glaze, D. G., Christodoulou, J., Clarke, A. J., Bahi-Buisson, N., ... Rett Search Consortium. (2010). Rett syndrome: Revised diagnostic criteria and nomenclature. Annals of Neurology, 68(6), 944–950.

O'Leary, H. M., Marschik, P. B., Khwaja, O. S., Ho, E., Barnes, K. V., Clarkson, T. W., ... Kaufmann, W. E. (2017). Detecting autonomic response to pain in Rett syndrome. Developmental Neurorehabilitation, 20(2), 108–114.

Singh, J., Lanzarini, E., & Santosh, P. (2019). Autonomic dysfunction and sudden death in patients with Rett syndrome: A systematic review. Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience, 45(1), 150–181.

Weese-Mayer, D. E., Lieske, S. P., Boothby, C. M., Kenny, A. S., Bennett, H. L., & Ramirez, J.-M. (2008). Autonomic dysregulation in young girls with Rett Syndrome during nighttime in-home recordings. Pediatric Pulmonology, 43(11), 1045–1060.

---Individualized Neurofeedback Treatment for Anxiety and Related Symptoms

Cheon, E.-J., Koo, B.-H., Seo, W.-S., Lee, J.-Y., Choi, J.-H., & Song, S.-H. (2015). Effects of neurofeedback on adult patients with psychiatric disorders in a naturalistic setting. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 40(1), 17–24.

Jones, M. S., & Hitsman, H. (2018). QEEG-guided neurofeedback treatment for anxiety symptoms. NeuroRegulation, 5(3), 85–92.

Kerson, C., Sherman, R. A., & Kozlowski, G. P. (2009). Alpha suppression and symmetry training for generalized anxiety symptoms. Journal of Neurotherapy, 13(3), 146–155.

Mennella, R., Patron, E., & Palomba, D. (2017). Frontal alpha asymmetry neurofeedback for the reduction of negative affect and anxiety. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 92, 32–40.

Scheinost, D., Stoica, T., Saksa, J., Papademetris, X., Constable, R. T., Pittenger, C., & Hampson, M. (2013). Orbitofrontal cortex neurofeedback produces lasting changes in contamination anxiety and resting-state connectivity. Translational Psychiatry, 3(4), e250.

Wang, S.-Y., Lin, I.-M., Fan, S.-Y., Tsai, Y.-C., Yen, C.-F., Yeh, Y.-C., … Lin, H.-C. (2019). The effects of alpha asymmetry and high-beta down-training neurofeedback for patients with the major depressive disorder and anxiety symptoms. Journal of Affective Disorders, 257, 287–296.

Zhao, Z., Yao, S., Li, K., Sindermann, C., Zhou, F., Zhao, W., … Becker, B. (2018). Real-time functional connectivity-based neurofeedback of amygdala-frontal pathways reduces anxiety. bioRxiv, 308924.

---Neurofeedback Training for Improving Attention in Amphetamine Addict

Ersche, K. D., & Sahakian, B. J. (2007). The neuropsychology of amphetamine and opiate dependence: Implications for treatment. Neuropsychology Review, 17(3), 317–336.

Hong, C., & Lee, I. (2012). Effects of neurofeedback training on attention in children with intellectual disability. Journal of Neurotherapy, 16(2), 110–122.

McKetin, R., & Mattick, R. P. (1997). Attention and memory in illicit amphetamine users. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 48(3), 235–242.

---Neuromodulation of Event-Related Gamma Oscillations in Children with Autism

Brock, J., Brown, C. C., Boucher, J., & Rippon, G. (2002). The temporal binding deficit hypothesis of autism. Developmental and Psychopathology, 14(2), 209–224.

Kaiser, J., & Lutzenberger, W. (2003). Induced gamma-band activity and human brain function. The Neuroscientist, 9(6), 475–484.

Kahana, M. J. (2006). The cognitive correlates of human brain oscillations. The Journal of Neuroscience, 26(6), 1669–1672.

Kanizsa, G. (1976). Subjective contours. Scientific American, 235, 48–52.

Oberman, L. M., Enticott, P. G., Casanova, M. F., Rotenberg, A., Pascual-Leone, A., McCracken, J. T., & the TMS in ASD Consensus Group. (2016). Transcranial magnetic stimulation in autism spectrum disorder: Challenges, promise, and roadmap for future research. Autism Research, 9(2), 184–203.

Rubenstein, J. L. R., & Merzenich, M. M. (2003). Model of autism: Increased ratio of excitation/inhibition in key neural systems. Genes, Brain, and Behavior, 2(5), 255–267.

Rojas, D. C., & Wilson, L. B. (2014). Gamma-band abnormalities as markers of autism spectrum disorders. Biomarkers Medicine, 8(3), 353–368.

Sokhadze, E. M., Casanova, M. F., El-Baz, A. S., Farag, H. E., Li, X., & Wang, Y. (2016). TMS-based neuromodulation of evoked and induced gamma oscillations and event-related potentials in children with autism. NeuroRegulation, 3(3), 101–126.

Uzunova, G., Pallanti, S., & Hollander, E. (2016). Excitatory/inhibitory imbalance in autism spectrum disorders: Implications for interventions and therapeutics. The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry, 17(3), 174–186.

---Posttraining Registration of an SMR/theta Protocol with Neurofeedback

Aliño Costa, M. (2017). Entrenamiento asistido por neurofeedback: Análisis de los efectos psicofisiológicos inmediatos y factores de personalidad influyentes (Doctoral dissertation, Universitat de València).

Demos, J., (2005). Getting started with neurofeedback. (1st ed.). New York, NY: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.

de Zambotti, M., Bianchin, M., Magazzini, L., Gnesato, G., & Angrilli, A. (2012). The efficacy of EEG neurofeedback aimed at enhancing sensory-motor rhythm theta ratio in healthy subjects. Experimental Brain Research, 221(1), 69–74.

Gruzelier, J., Inoue, A., Smart, R., Steed, A., & Steffert, T. (2010). Acting performance and flow state enhanced with sensory-motor rhythm neurofeedback comparing ecologically valid immersive VR and training screen scenarios. Neuroscience Letters, 480(2), 112–116.

Koudelková, Z., & Strmiska, M. (2018). Introduction to the identification of brain waves based on their frequency. MATEC Web of Conferences, 210, 05012.

Sterman, M. B., & Egner, T. (2006). Foundation and practice of neurofeedback for treatment of epilepsy. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 31(1), 21–35.

---Prefrontal Neurofeedback Training Outcomes in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder with Comorbid Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Achenbach, T. M., & Rescorla, L. A. (2012). Multicultural guide for the ASEBA gorms and profiles for ages 1½ – 18 (2nd ed.). Burlington, VT: University of Vermont Research Center for Children, Youth, & Families.

Aman, M. G., & Singh, N. N. (1994). Aberrant behavior checklist. Supplementary manual. East Aurora, NY: Slosson Educational Publications.

Arns, M., Clark, C. R., Trullinger, M., deBeus, R., Mack, M., & Aniftos, M. (2020). Neurofeedback and attention-deficit/hyperactivity-disorder (ADHD) in children: Rating the evidence and proposed guidelines. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 45, 39–48.

Sinzig, J., Vinzelberg, I., Evers, D., & Lehmkuhl, G. (2014). Executive function and attention profiles in preschool and elementary school children with autism spectrum disorders or ADHD. International Journal of Developmental Disabilities, 60(3), 144–154.

Sokhadze, E., Casanova, M. F., Wang, Y., Tasman, A., & Kelly, D. P. (2019). Effects of the length of prefrontal neurofeedback training in children with autism spectrum disorder. In M. C. Hellinger (Ed.), Neurofeedback: Functions, applications and effects (pp. 77–116). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers Inc.

Wang, Y., Sokhadze, E. M., El-Baz, A. S., Li, X., Sears, L., Casanova, M. F., & Tasman, A. (2016). Relative power of specific EEG bands and their ratios during neurofeedback training in children with autism spectrum disorder. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 9, 723.