Neurofeedback Rehabilitation Reduces Anxiety in Methamphetamine Abusers


  • Roghieh Nooripour Department of Counseling, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Alzahra University, Iran
  • Sverker Sikström Professor in Cognitive Psychology, Chair of the Cognitive Division, Department of Psychology, Lund university,
  • Nikzad Ghanbari Ph.D. Student of Clinical Psychology (Prevention and Treatment of Addiction) Faculty of Education and Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University (SBU), Tehran, Iran
  • Simin Hosseinian Simin Hoseinian Professor, Department of Counseling, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran
  • Peyman Hassani-Abharian Peyman Hassani-Abharian MD- Ph.D. in Cognitive Neuroscience. Assistant professor in Institute for Cognitive Science Studies, Brain and Cognition Clinic, Tehran, Iran
  • Hossein Ilanloo PhD of Counseling, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran



Anxiety, Methamphetamine Abuse, Neurofeedback, Rehabilitation


Addictive disorders are characterized by cognitive, behavioral, and neurological impairments caused by dysregulations of brain structure that can extend well beyond early withdrawal in the months and years of recovery. The present study aimed to examine the efficacy of neurofeedback rehabilitation on anxiety in methamphetamine abusers. The sample consisted of 14 male methamphetamine drug addicts who were randomly assigned to an experimental group (n = 7) and a control group (n = 7). Participants were assessed for Axis I disorders (SCID) and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI). Mixed repeated ANOVA, independent t-tests, and chi-square were used for data analysis. The experimental group received 18 sessions of neurofeedback rehabilitation and standard psychological interventions treatment as usual, while the control group received only standard interventions. Results showed that neurofeedback significantly reduced anxiety in methamphetamine abusers at posttreatment and during a one-month follow-up. Along with other psychological interventions, neurofeedback rehabilitation is recommended for methamphetamine abusers.


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