Reflections on the Increase in Autism, ADHD, Anxiety, and Depression: Part 1 – Bonding, Screen Time, and Circadian Rhythms


  • Erik Peper San Francisco State University



ADHD, Autism, anxiety, screen time, circadian rhythm, prevention


Over the past 2 decades, there has been a significant increase in the prevalence of autism, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety, depression, and pediatric suicidal behavior. Based upon the evolutionary perspectives of Nassim Taleb and educator Joseph C. Pearce, discussed are three identified behavioral risk factors that may contribute to activate, maintain, and increase the prevalence and severity of these disorders. These include the reduction of infant and caretaker bonding, increase in screen time, and disruption of circadian rhythms. Prevention strategies are suggested to reduce the risk factors.

Author Biography

Erik Peper, San Francisco State University

Professor Institute for Holistic Health Studies Department of Health Education


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